International Journal of Government Auditing – Summer 2015
It is with great pleasure that I present this editorial for the current issue of the Journal.
Ebola virus disease (EVD), previously called Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a severe illness that often results in fatalities within a three-week period of contracting the disease. It is this aspect of EVD that gave it the chilling aura of hopelessness and helplessness with which it came to be associated in the early days of the fight.
The Ebola virus disease first appeared in 1976 in two simultaneous outbreaks, one in Nzara, Sudan, and the other in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of Congo. The latter was named after the River Ebola which is in the hamlet where the first outbreak occurred.
The current outbreak, the first of its kind in West Africa, emerged in the Republic of Guinea in December 2013 and spread rapidly within the three countries of the Mano River Basin: first, to Liberia and then, in May 2014, to my country, Sierra Leone. Sierra Leone reported its first confirmed case in a small village in Kissi Tongi, some 200 miles from the capital of Freetown. Since then, infections were subsequently reported in Nigeria, Senegal, Mali, the United States and the United Kingdom.